BOTANISTS AND DISCOVERERS
You will discover in the Arboretum a number of plants whose botanical name refers to famous botanists and discoverers who brought home these plants, often from distant lands. Despite what you might think, these plants were rarely discovered by the persons whose name they bear but more commonly they were named in their honour.
A famous example is that of the genus ‘Magnolia’, which was named by Linné as a tribute to Pierre Magnol for the valuable work he had carried out in the area of nomenclature. With the development of science, the 18th century saw a proliferation of long distance expeditions both to the East and to the United States, allowing the building of increasingly large collections of unknown plants. It was as a tribute to John Stuart (1713/1792), author of the ‘Botanical Tables’, which he donated to the Queen, covering the plant families of Great Britain, that the genus Stuartia (Stewartia) was named after him.
|Magnolia wilsonii - Arboretum Adeline ©|
|Stewartia sinensis - Arboretum Adeline ©|
|Quercus michauxii - Arboretum Adeline ©|
Thomas Nuttall (1786/1842), an English botanist, botanised in the Great Lake region, Arkansas, Kansas, Utah then on the Pacific coast of the United States. Appointed to the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, he lent his name to numerous plants.
|Parrotia persica - Arboretum Adeline ©|
The most famous of these was Father Armand David (1826/1900), a Vincentian missionary who, in parallel with his theological studies, developed a solid background as a naturalist. On being sent immediately to Beijing, he travelled China in search of new species and brought together large collections of plants. Numerous plants bear his name in honour of this work.
|Acer davidii - Arboretum Adeline ©|
|Salix fargesii - Arboretum Adeline ©|
|Osmanthus delavayi - Arboretum Adeline ©|
Later on Father François-Lazare Seguin (1868/1942), sent by the Society of Foreign Missions, who botanised in Guizhou province, gave his name to Castanea seguinii.
|Castanea seguinii - Arboretum Adeline ©|
Karl Ivanovich Maximowicz (1827/1891), a Russian botanist, travelled with Leopold Ivanovitch von Schrenck to the Amur River region. He then left for China, Korea and especially Japan, where he was assisted by Sukawa Chonosuke, to whom he dedicated Philadelphus schrenkii: Extremely fragrant flowers, formed in terminal clusters emerging from attractively dentate oval leaves, appear in June in a cream white cup.
|Betula maximowicziana - Arboretum Adeline ©|
Sorbus sargentiana: a magnificent species with its large clusters of small dome-shaped, orange red berries which lie on the foliage consisting of large leaflets tinged with orange in the autumn. Viburnum sargenti: vigorous shrub with attractive trilobite foliage tinted red when budding and bright red in autumn. The white flowers carry red anthers followed by superb bright red translucent fruit.
|Viburnum sargentii - Arboretum Adeline ©|
|Acer davidii 'George Forrest' - Arboretum Adeline ©|
Gérard and Claudie Adeline